[Issuer] Defactor


  • Business Name: Defactor

  • Current AUM: Currently Defactor does not have any assets under management as we are using Consolfreight’s structure to test our business model. We have created our financial structure including an SPV in Delaware that will allow us to securely manage and meet compliance requirements for the assets placed through our platform. The idea is to move some of the assets from the current Consolfreight pool, CF4, into the new Defactor pool.

  • $ Volume of Transactions Completed Last 12 months: $16.92M Since Dec 2021. All these transactions have been placed by Consolfreight using our Defactor platform. The idea behind this was to help Consolfreight scale and expedite growth through technology.

  • Target Launch Date: ASAP

  • Location and Team Size: Defactor is based in Switzerland, with an operational company running from Dublin, Ireland (Lanzo Ops) and with our SPV located in Delaware, US. This follows the structure already tested by Consolfreight and Centrifuge. The total team is 17 people between Tech, Operations, Marketing and Commercial.

  • Years in Operation, if less than 2 years in operation, number of years founding team has worked together: Defactor originated in 2021 with an experienced founding team from across the financial services, technology, and global supply chain industries. Although the team had been working together for 3+ years on other projects, they formally established Defactor from the experience in supporting the mission of Consolfrieght, one of the first businesses leveraging liquidity on Centrifuge. The team experienced first-hand how Defi could address liquidity problems in a traditional finance system.

  • Historical Loan Tape (years): 300+ assets, 30M+. The Defactor co-founding team includes two executives from Consolfreight, together with more than 30 years experience working in global trade finance and supply chain ecosystems. To-date they have 300+ assets and over $30M+. As one of the asset originators scheduled to be part of the Defactor pool, Consolfreight is on track to place more than $80M in 2022.

  • Key Professional Partners (legal, accounting, operational, technical, structuring):

    • Legal (Wagner and Vieli, McCann Fitzgerald, Manatt, Phelps & Phillips, LLP)
    • Accounting (Centralis)
    • Operational (Lanzo Ops)
    • Technical (Internal resources + Atom +Xportal)
    • Structuring (Genesis Block)
    • Issuer Governance (Citadel SPV LLC)
  • Strategy:

  • Describe your business and go to market strategy.

    • What makes your approach unique within your industry?

Our approach is to support the wider business community prosperity by providing alternative liquidity funding to Asset Originators to support businesses to execute good quality trade transactions that are excluded from the TradFi banking due to overly restrictive criteria. Our immediate focus will be to provide liquidity for trade related asset classes including Receivables Financing, Trade Finance and Inventory Financing. Having direct experience of going through this process previously allows us to guide companies on their journey and introduce them to DeFi liquidity to meet their needs. As mentioned above, Defactor is bringing 2.5 years experience in the defi space applied to RWAs. This comes as part of the journey alongside Centrifuge when building Consolfreight’s business model. Consolfreight was the first AOs to hold a revolving pool in Tinlake and it is the longest pool holder in Tinlake. It has also been a strong partner for Centrifuge in this journey and helpful on the test and development of some of the current solutions provided by Tinlake.

  • Why are you a good partner for Centrifuge?

Defactor will accelerate the onboarding of A/O onto the Centrifuge platform providing key derisking, monitoring and covenant management. Our mission is to broaden the use cases for DeFi with focus on growth industries, SMEs, and specific global markets.

Furthermore, we share the same vision of making Defi accessible and democratisation of investment use of funds.

  • How do you differentiate yourself from competitors?

We differentiate ourselves through our focus on RWA, building a team of industry experts, delivering simplified user experience, and web3 first-approach for building solutions.

We are focused on real-world asset tokenization and therefore, aligning strongly with Centrifuge. Defactor is an early entrant into a segment of the DeFi market which has far-reaching implications and huge growth potential. Instead of representing abstract digital value, tokens represent tangible goods and services.

We will leverage Web3 technologies and build a bridge from TradFi to deliver faster and lower barriers to entry for borrowers and investors. Furthermore, Defactor’s specialist knowledge in supply chain finance means it can consider deals that a bank might deem as presenting too much risk, but that in reality they are not. The key is to provoke innovation across AOs on how risk is assessed and mitigated.

Lastly, our model is SME friendly. We recognize banks are disincentivized to handle SMEs which do not satisfy their risk assessment criteria in terms of cash flow and credit history, preferring safe bets on large, established businesses. Defactor leverages its specialist knowledge of supply chain finance to provide accurate risk assessments of businesses of this scale.

  • How is your entity financed today, what are the current sources of capital:

    • Equity raised:$14M
    • Debt raised:$5M including CF4
  • What is your entity’s revenue/fee model:

    • Origination fees: Annual membership fee
    • Target fee spread: up to 2.0% APY being a volume based fee calculated on the volume of funding provided linked to number of days funding so its directly related to the business needs.
    • Other: Ancillary services will be provided at a later stage
  • Capital

    • Please explain the source(s) of, and ability to scale, your first-loss junior (TIN) capital in the pool: We will operate a number of pools per each asset class, each with a distinctive risk profile and each with a segregated first loss Junior Tranche. All AO’s coming into their respective pool need to participate in the Junior tranche at the required level. In addition, Defactor will invest capital in the short term to support this process. At a later stage, we will welcome external investors to participate in the junior tranche.
    • Please explain the source(s) of, and ability to scale, your senior (DROP) capital in the pool: We will pursue external investors to scale. We have scaled up our Team in recent months with LP research and targeting being currently completed to enable pitching from Q3.
    • Capital relationships and how much you will bring through Centrifuge KYC to invest in either senior or junior tranche of your pool: We expect the total pool to be at $50M within 12-months with all coming through the Centrifuge ecosystem.
  • DeFi

    • Outline why DeFi is important to your business strategy: We believe it will unleash a new wave of financial solutions to the TradFi system. Defactor is tapping into the emergent market of real-world asset tokenization and is particularly suited to addressing gaps in accessibility to liquidity for Small and Medium-sized Enterprises (SMEs), which account for over 95% of global businesses and over 60% of global employment. As well as financial, there is a clear social benefit in supporting these SMEs due to the fact they are often neglected or underfunded by Traditional Finance (TradFi) institutions. Tokenization can be used in the broadest possible sense to include digital assets, physical assets, or documents representing value.The global trade finance market was valued at $7.6T (USD) in 2019 and is projected to reach over $10.9T (USD) by 2030. This presents broad opportunities for providing liquidity to tech-savvy new businesses in the space. With our expertise, our unique approach to the market and Centrifuge’s innovation, we are confident, together we will have success.
  • Articulate why Centrifuge’s community and protocol is a fit for financing: As the first and leader in the RWA space, we are keen to work with teams and technology that align with our mission. It is a parachain of Polkadot and connects to Ethereum via a bridge. Investors receive returns in yield as well as rewards in the native token, $CFG. Additionally, Centrifuge has a strong community of builders that can be potential partners or collaborators for Defactor. We believe an active and collaborative community is critical for driving adoption, innovation, and stronger outcomes for Defi. Furthermore, we believe this partnership can evolve in a way that a strong correlation between $CFG tokens and Defactor token ($FACTR) will benefit both communities, and in the long run positively impact other bigger communities like Maker DAO.

Structure: Risk & Terms

  • Please explain the key risks inherent in this opportunity and asset class:

    • We provide collateralised cash flow funding based directly on the underlying transaction asset to provide full risk visibility supported by real time risk reporting
    • To minimize risk of non repayment we will complete a risk assessment at multiple levels being 1) Underlying Debtor assessment 2) A.O. assessment.
    • A.O. risk assessment is completed by both quantitative and qualitative criteria.
    • This means we risk rate both levels prior to funding so that the transaction risk profile is fully understood at all times in the funding cycle.
    • This information will be available in our platform risk dashboard with detailed documentation stored in a virtual data room.
    • This rating process will be dynamic and repeated on a quarterly basis for the benefit of both AO’s & LP’s.
    • Based on our risk profile assessment this will determine both the funding contract risk covenants and APY for AO’s plus allow LP’s to fund transactions that meet their risk appetite.
    • Collateral is captured by transferring AO debtor assignment rights plus any insurance coverage to the SPV structure giving scope to pursue multiple sources of repayment in case of non payment by any one source.
  • Pool Size & Pipeline:

    • At Launch: US$ 10MM
    • 6 Months after Launch: US$20MM
    • 12 Months after Launch: US$ 50MM
    • Origination Pipeline Details: We have 3 companies in the pipeline for origination purposes. Few of the deals these companies have in the pipeline are as follows:
      • -. $10MM Facility for 1 Year South Africa Mine
      • -. $8.5 MM Facility to aggregate (2 Months) Coal and Export against a L/C
      • -. $2 MM X Month Facility to Export Sugar from Guatemala to UK
  • Asset & Rates:

    • Asset Type(s): Supply Chain Finance (Receivables)
    • Average Ticket Size: $100K
    • Average Asset Maturity: Max 120 days
    • Expect Default Rate: <1%
    • Expected borrowing rate on senior tranche (on-chain): 3.5% - 5%

Expected lending rate to end borrower (off-chain): 9% -15%


The Centrifuge community has reviewed the POP for Defactor , based on the 10 criteria , and the result is: :seven: / :ten:.


For each criteria, either a :zero: (criteria not met) or :one: (criteria met) will be given.

Below you will find the results of the individual criteria:

Business Years in Operation: :one:
Off-Chain Institutional Investors: :one:
Strong Pipeline: :one:
Volume Originated last 2 years: :zero:
Historical Loan Tape: :zero:
TIN Tranche: :one:
DROP Tranche: :zero:
Pool Value at Launch: :one:
Pool Value in 1 Year: :one:
Asset Maturity: :one:


:white_check_mark: This proposal meets the threshold of >66% and has passed step 2.


Step 3 will be to get a recommendation from the Centrifuge DAO. This will be done within the next 5 days and the result will be published here on the Forum.

If you want to see all the steps of Stage 1 of the POP process, you can check this post here .


Maybe not the right place to pose such a question. Was curious on how the $CFG and $FACTR tokens are interlinked with each other? Sounds interesting and trying to understand.

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Recommendation from k/factory: Continue POP Process to Step 3: Pool Party Poll to Community

The Defactor POP is fascinating as its the original team behind the the Consol Freight Pool, one of the earliest Issuers on the Tinlake platform. It’s been encouraging to see the progress that Consol Freight has made in just under two years, and clearly the DeFi knowledge and know-how has grown, the business has grown, and the team continues to build momentum and expertise both in their asset class and the underlying technology needed to scale their industy

The biggest weakness of this POP is the DROP Tranche at Zero. This must be addressed should the community approve of a Pool Party from Defactor in their Pool Party presentation. With a global recession on, all of Defi still roiling from liquidations, and continued instability globally in nation states and rising interest rates, finding people’s attention and asking protocols to focus on RWAs is incredibly difficult. For Defactor, as they look to scale their business, and take on the technical difficult of being the first Pool on Centrifuge Chain, the ability to reasonably scale their business through off-chain senior investors (DROP) in their Pool is mission critical.


They aren’t. These are seperate tokens, for seperate projects.

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I am aware of that.

Just would like further information on the below quote and how the tokens are potentially correlated:

“Furthermore, we believe this partnership can evolve in a way that a strong correlation between $CFG tokens and Defactor token ($FACTR) will benefit both communities, and in the long run positively impact other bigger communities like Maker DAO.”

1 Like

I’d like to see this POP go towards a Poll for a Pool Party.

There are technical implications, legacy assets / journey with Centrifuge/Tinlake, and I think this story will be quite interesting to the community to see how this group has evolved and arrived at this pivotal moment in their business’ journey.

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POP Review DCM: Defactor

Hi I’m Mike, the Founder of DeFi Capital Markets (“DCM”), an entity in the Centrifuge community that is focused on building the future of decentralized capital markets by onboarding institutional investors, assets and infrastructure to the DeFi ecosystem. Previously I was a core member of the Centrifuge team and we at DCM are currently contributing to the Centrifuge, RWA Market (Aave) and MakerDAO ecosystems. The current, and future, employees of DCM are largely from institutional investment and credit backgrounds and we intend to provide views on proposed pools coming through the POP process. Our views do not amount to financial advice and nothing contained in this post constitutes a solicitation, recommendation or endorsement of any investment. Community members should do their own independent research.

I will reuse my recent macro wrap: Macro conditions have broadly deteriorated across markets as inflation has reached a multi-decade high and has spurred a more aggressive Fed policy. The resultant rise in interest rates has driven a sharp sell-off of global financial assets, crypto being no exception. DeFi liquidity has contracted markedly in the last few months, and recently we have witnessed several large scale insolvencies that have shaken confidence in the sector. As deFi investors retreat and significant swathes of capital are erased from the ecosystem it makes for a notably difficult backdrop to raise new financing. That being said, real-world assets tied to productive cash flows outside the crypto ecosystem offer investors a new avenue to generate yield in a more sustainable fashion. Given the financial conditions, investor appetite for new endeavours is expected to remain limited for the time being, however we are optimistic this could improve once the dust settles and RWAs continue as an emerging trend.

The assets proposed have short-term maturity, which is a positive in the current DeFi market where long-duration assets have less demand. However, the proposed senior financing rates are well below the desired cost of funding that DCM has been informed of through numerous conversations. Although it may be a difficult lift we see DeFactor as a well aligned platform and hope the short-term nature of the assets offsets the low senior financing rates.